This section contains detailed information regarding each Chinese province. Lotus Travel's experienced tour experts are pleased to assist you with your future provincial travel plans in China. Please note that all tours are customizable if you are unsatisfied with the sample itineraries and special activities are available upon request. Plan your once in a lifetime trip with Lotus Travel today!
Located in southeastern China and stretching over the reputable Yangtze and Huai River, Anhui province is 139,000 square km in size and currently possesses a population of 60 million. The province is famous for its production of the "four treasures of the study": xuan paper, inkslabs, inksticks and writing brushes, which are produced in Xuancheng, Shexian, Huizhou and Xuancheng respectively.
With a 3000-year history, served as the capital city of four dynasties, and the current capital of People’s Republic of China, Beijing is now one of the world’s largest, prosperous cities in the world. It is the national political, cultural and economic center and has a population of over 14 million people, covering 16,808 square kilometers in area. It is a dynamic city where the old and new intermingle, and has attracted visitors all over the world. With the success of the 2008 Olympics, it has enhanced its international reputation ever since.
Situated in southeastern China, Fujian province is known as the "Mountain Kingdom" due to its mountainous landscapes. Reputable for its tea productions, such as Jasmine, Wulong and Rock tea, the province also has large outputs of pineapples, bananas, longans, lycees and pomelos.
Spanning through the Qinghai-Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Loess Plateaus and located on the upper reaches of the Yellow River, Gansu province is 454,000 square kilometers in size and pursues a population of 25.43 million. Producing large amounts of wheat, corns, cotton, apples and Chinese medicinal herbs, it also contains many remarkable cultural relics along the 1,600 kilometers long legendary Silk Road.
Located on the South China Sea and close to the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions, Guangdong province has large outputs of sugarcane, rice, tea leaves, peanuts, tobacco, pineapples, papayas, bananas and star fruits. With a population of 67.89 million and 179,000 square kilometers in size, Guangdong is also the home province of Sun Yatsen, the Father of Modern China.
Neighboring Vietnam and located in southern China, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is 236,000 square kilometers in size and has a population of 46.33 million. It has the highest population of the Zhuang minority group throughout China and pursues a tropical and subtropical monsoon climate; it is hot during summer and warm in winter. The province serves as a vital agricultural cultivation base, providing crops, such as rice, sugar cane, pomelo, lycee, mango, pineapple, etc throughout China. Furthermore, sugar, food and stitch art productions are also very prosperous within the area.
Famous for its Maotai wine (Chinese National Wine), tobacco, Chinese medicinal herbs, rice and vegetable productions, Guizhou province is situated in the northeast Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau in southwestern China. With a population of 36.58 million and the size of 170,000 square kilometers, the province is the home of approximately 17 ethnic minority groups and is regarded as one of the poorest regions in China.
Located north of the Yellow River, Hebei province is 190,000 square kilometers in size, and pursues a population of 65 million. Reputable for its productions of wheat, cotton, peanuts, pears, peaches, corns and grapes in agriculture, it is also well known for its manufactures of papers and porcelains.
Located in the lower-middle reaches of the Yellow River and with a population of 93 million, Henan province is 167,000 square meters in size. It is also known for its tea, wheat, cotton, sesame, watermelon and peonies. Henan is also a busy transportation center at the same time: both the Jingguang (from Beijing to Guangzhou and vice versa) and Longhai Railways (connects to most cities in east, west and central China) pass through the provincial capital Zhengzhou, forming a great transportation network.
Situated in central China, Hubei province has a population of 57.19 million and is 180,000 square kilometers in size. It is the main province that produces the most rice, oil, cotton, red tea leaves and freshwater shrimps and fishes. At the same time, Hubei is known for its automobile, iron and steel, chemical and mechanical engineering industries.
Hunan meant "south of the lake", as the province is situated south of the second largest freshwater lake in China--Dongting Lake. 211,800 sq kilometers in size with a population of 65 million, Hunan is the home province of Chairman Mao Zedong, the founder of the People's Republic of China. At the same time, it is rich in productions of tea, rice, mandarins, dried chili, cigarettes and Xiang embroidery.
With an area of 100,000 square kilometers and a population of 70.21 million, Jiangsu province is located on the shores of the Yellow Sea, and the lower reaches of the Yangtze and Huai Rivers. Prosperous in the silk, electronics, watch productions and chemical industries, the region is also famous for planting cotton, peaches and plums; as well as producing oil and green tea. Besides, Jiangsu province has the most famed historical cities in China, making it a great destination for those who are interested in China's extensive history.
Well known for its porcelain production in Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province is situated at the lower middle reaches of the Yangtze River and has a population of 42 million. 166,900 square kilometers in size, the province is rich in minerals, such as coal and copper, and manufactures large amounts of tea leaves, tobacco, cotton and lilies. At the same time, Jiangxi serves as an important intersection of the Beijing- Kowloon and Hangzhou-Nanchang Railways. Its capital, Nanchang is a vital railway hub of the province, in which more than 70 pairs of train depart and arrive the station on a daily basis.
Covering an area of 187,400 square kilometers, Jilin province pursues a population of 26 million and is situated in central northeastern China. Reputable for its lumber industry and the production of ginsengs, corns, sunflowers, mushrooms, grapes and rice, the province has retained many remarkable historical and cultural relics of the Qing Dynasty, as was the origin of the Manchurian culture.
Neighboring Korea in the east and Inner Mongolia in the northwest, Liaoning province is 145,900 square kilometers in size and pursues a population of 41.7 million. Reputable for its fruit productions, such as watermelons, strawberries, apples and pears, the province is rich in ginseng and the manufacture of shrimps, sea cucumbers, clams, oysters and abalones. Rated as one of the most prosperous regions during the early Qing Dynasty, the province has many remarkable historical and cultural attractions to offer its visitors.
Shanghai, lies at the central section of North-South coastline of China, covering 63,405 square kilometers, is the largest city in China. Opening gateway to foreign countries in the eventful 20th century, it has gradually prosperous international metropolitan. Now it is known as the Paris of the East, and is the commercial and financial center of China. Over 300 of the world’s top 500 enterprises have branches there. Its modern, international and fashionable reputation entices millions of travelers each year.
With a population of 36 million, Shaanxi province is located in the middle reaches of the reputable Yellow River and pursues the largest collections of underground cultural and historical relics. The province is rich in minerals, such as coal and metal reserves, and mainly manufactures wheat, cotton, peanuts and walnuts.
Well known for its wine and beer breweries, Shandong province is 156,700 square kilometers in size and possesses a population of 88.38 million. Located at the lower reaches of the Yellow River, it mainly manufactures cotton, peanuts, apples, peaches, watermelons, peonies and roses.
Located to the west of Taihang Mountain, Shanxi province is 150,000 square kilometers in size and has a population of 30.45 million. Lying along the middle reaches of the Yellow River and the eastern edge of the Loess Plateau, the province is notable for its agricultural crops, such as rice, wheat, cotton, grapes and pears; furthermore, the province is also known as "the country of charcoal" and the superior quality of vinegar it manufactures.
The homeland of China's national treasures-gigantic pandas, Sichuan province has a population of 83 million and is 485,000 square kilometers in size. It is also known as the "Nature Storage", housing approximately 54 endangered species and actively producing an increasing amount of important agricultural crops, such as rice, citrus fruits and ingredient herbs for Chinese medicine. At the same time, the winery and steel industries are rather prosperous in the area. Furthermore, Sichuan has spectacular sceneries to offer its visitors; the beauty of the province enables it to constantly compete with Yunnan province over the title "Shangri-La". In addition, Sichuanese cuisine is considered to be one of the four most reputable cuisines in China, giving tourists all the great reasons to explore the province at once.
Known as the "Land South of Colorful Clouds", the Yunnan province is approximately 394,000 Square kilometers in size and has a population of 42.88 million, in which 12 million of the total population is consisted of 26 different minority ethnic groups; it is the only province in China that has the largest number of minority nationalities, however, the population of these ethnic groups are not the highest in the country. The province pursues a monsoon and mountainous climate, and is occupied by snow-covered mountains, glaciers, lakes, hot springs and tropical rain forests. Together with the minorities' colorful costumes and tents, the natural resources have added much fantastic colors to Yunnan. The province is rated as "the Origins of Colored Metals" and focused on manufacturing copper, lead, etc. At the same time, tea, tobacco, sugar cane and vegetables are the main agricultural crops of the province, whereas authentic traditional dishes include: Yunnan Chicken in Steam Pot, Yunnan style salted ham, rice noodles* and roast duck of Yiliang.
Located in eastern China and adjacent to Shanghai, Zhejiang province has a population of 43.64 million and is 100,000 square kilometers in size. Rated as the "Land of Fish and Rice" and the "Storage of Silk and Tea", the province also manufactures tangerines, peaches, plums, and famous for its Shaoxing wine.